Latin Numbers

Latin Numbers follow the same typical rules as they do in English. In Latin, there are 4 major types of numbers: cardinal, ordinal, distributive, and adverb.

Cardinal is the regular number that we think of as "one", "two", "five", "ten", etc. These are typically adjectives with the three gender declensions. "One" is singular, the rest are plural.

Ordinal numbers indicate rank such as "first", "second", "fifth", "tenth", etc. These are typically adjectives with the three gender declensions.

Distributive is rather unknown to me right now.

So is adverb.

Roman Numerals:

Numeral Value
I 1
V 5
X 10
L 50
C 100
D 500
M 1000
v 5000
IV (5-1)=4

Here are the numbers:

Number Cardinal Ordinal Distributive Adverb
1 unus primus semel
2 duo secundus
3 tres tertius
4 quattuor quartus
5 quinque quintus
6 sex sextus
7 septum septimus
8 octo octavus
9 novem nonus
10 decem decimus
11 undecim undecimus
12 duodecim duodecimus
13 tredecim tertius decimus
14 quattuordecim quartus decimus
15 quindecim quintus decimus
16 sedecim sextus decimus
17 septendecim septimus decimus
18 duodeviginti duodevicensimus
19 undeviginti undevicensimus
20 viginti vicesimus
21 viginti unus unus et vicensimus
28 duodetriginta duodetricensimus
29 undetriginta undetricensimus
30 triginta tricensimus
40 quadraginta quadragensimus
50 quinquaginta quinquagensimus
60 sexaginta sexagensimus
70 septuaginta septuagensimus
80 octoginta octogensimus
90 nonaginta nonagensimus
100 centum centensimus
101 centum et unus unus et centensimus
122 centum viginti duo duo et ducentensimus
200 ducenti
300 trecenti
400 quadringenti
500 quingenti
600 sescenti
700 septingenti
800 octingenti
900 nongenti
1000 mille
1001 mille et unus
1102 mille centum duo
3000 tria milia
5000 quinque milia
10000 decem milia
100000 centum milia
1000000 decies centena milia
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